亲朋棋牌

锯床技术

中国科技资源配置改革路线图

日期:2019-11-05 20:01:25
亲朋棋牌



YI、DAOYAN

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亲朋棋牌ER、ZHONGGUOKEJIZIYUANYAOSUSHICHANGTEZHENGFENXI

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亲朋棋牌1、KEJICAILIZIYUANYAOSUSHICHANGTEZHENGFENXI

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亲朋棋牌2、KEJIRENLIZIYUANYAOSUSHICHANGTEZHENGFENXI

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SAN、ZHONGGUOKEJIZIYUANPEIZHIGAIGELUXIANTU

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1、KEJILINGYUSIXIANGSHICHANGDEPEIYUHEFAZHAN

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亲朋棋牌2、WOGUOKEXUEYANJIUXUQIUTEZHENGJIQISHICHANGJIZHIDEJIANLIDEJINPOYAOQIU

亲朋棋牌KEXUEYANJIUGONGZUOKEANQIXINGZHI、MUDEHEGUOCHENGFENWEIJICHUYANJIU、YINGYONGYANJIUHEKAIFAYANJIU。SANZHEJIXIANGHUQUBIEYOUXIANGHULIANXI,GONGTONGGOUCHENGKEXUEYANJIUDEJIEGOUTIXI。KEXUESHIYEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGDEKEXUEYANJIUJIEGOUTIXIZHIJIEJUEDINGLEKEXUEYANJIUDEGONGNENGJIQIYANSHENGDESHICHANGXUQIUGUANXI。ZAIWOGUO,DUIYUJICHUYANJIUDEXUQIUERYAN,YISHIYUANYUXUDUOYINGYONGYANJIUHEJISHUKAIFABIXULVXIANTUPOJICHUYANJIUDEPINGJING,ZHEISHIYIZHONGWEILEYINGYONGJISHUKAIFAMUDEERKAIZHANJICHUYANJIUGUOCHENG,YUJISHUCHUANGXINHEJINBUYOUZHESHIFENMIQIEDEGUANXI;LINGYIZHONGKEXUEJIAZIZHUCHUANGXINDEZIYOUTANSUO(GUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJIN)ERBUKAOLVTEDINGDEYINGYONGMUDE,GENGDUODEKEYIXIANGYINGYONGYANJIUHEKAIFAYANJIUZONGXIANGYANSHEN,ZHUANHUAWEIXIANSHIDESHENGCHANLI,ZHEIJIUYOULAIYUJICHUYANJIU、YINGYONGYANJIUHEKAIFAYANJIUDENGGEGEHUANJIEDEYOUJIJIEHE。YOUSUOFAXIAN,YOUSUOFAMINGSHIKEJICHUANGXINDEZUIGAOJINGJIE,DANGJINSHEHUIJICHUYANJIUZAIKEJIFAZHANZHONGDEDIWEIHEZUOYONGYIJINGBIANDEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO,CHENGWEIKEJICHUANGXINDEHEXINDONGLI。DUIYUYINGYONGYANJIUDEXUQIUERYAN,863JIHUA、973JIHUA、GUOJIAKEJIZHICHENGJIHUA、KEJIZHONGDAZHUANXIANGDENGJISHULEIGUOJIAKEJIJIHUAWEIRAOSHICHANGXUQIUHEGUOJIAZHANLVEXUQIUDAOXIANG。YIFANGMIANWEILETIGAOCHANYEJINGZHENGLI,ZHENGFUFEICHANGZHUZHONGZIZHUCHUANGXIN,YIZHIQIANGDIAOTONGGUOGUOJIAKEJIJIHUALAITUIDONGKEJIJINBU,XINGCHENGYIYINGYONGYANJIUWEIZHULIUDE,WULUNSHIYOUYIDE、HAISHIWUYIDEYIBAITUOJICHUKEXUESHENRUYANJIUDESHUFULAITUIDONGCHANYESHENGJIHEJINZHANDEQINGXIANGTEBIEMINGXIAN。HENBUXINGDESHIJICHUKEXUEYANJIUSUZHIXIANTIANBUZU,HOUTIANYOUBUZHONGSHI,CHANYEHEXINJISHUGONGJIBUZUDEJUMIANBINGMEIYOUYOUSUOZHUANBIANJIANGSHIZHANGQIKUNRAOWOGUOKEXUEJIEDEWENTI;LINGYIFANGMIANXIANZAIXUDUOYANJIUSUOCHENGDANGEZHONGGUOJIAXIANGMU,YOUYUPINGJIATIZHIDANCHUNZHUIQIUXUESHUJIAZHIHEDIWEI,BINGMEIYOUCHANYEHUAGUANNIANHEMUBIAO。YIBANDOUSHIYIHUODEGUOJIAJINGFEIDUOSHAO、FABIAOLUNWEN(SCI)SHULIANG、CANYURENXUESHUDIWEIGAODI、SUOHUOJIANGLIJIBIE(YINGDANGZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEICHEDIQUXIAO)HESHULIANGLAIHENGLIANGKEJICHENGGUODEJIAZHI,ERYOUGUANCHENGGUODEYINGYONGJIAZHIYIJIZHUANHUAWEISHENGCHANLIDEZHUANGKUANG,QUEJIAOSHAOZUOWEIJIXIAOPINGJIAZHIBIAONARUPINGJIATIXIZHONG。TONGSHI,ZHEIXIEPINGJIAZHIBIAOWANGWANGYUKEJIRENYUANDEZHICHENGHEGEZHONGDAIYUGUAGOU,JINYIBUQIANGHUALEZHEIYIPINGJIATIXIDUIKEJIGONGZUODEDAOXIANGZUOYONG。YINERYANJIUJIGOUHEYANJIUZHEGERENQUEFAZHENDUISHICHANGXUQIUCONGSHIKAIFAYANJIUHECHENGGUOZHUANHUADEYALIHEDONGLI,YOUCIDAOZHILEQIZHUIQIUDEMUBIAOYUKEYANDESHEHUIMUBIAO、GUOJIAMUBIAODEFENLI,KEJICHENGGUODEXUESHUXIANJINXINGBUNENGZHUANHUACHENGJISHUXIANJINXINGHESHICHANGLINGXIANXING,JIEGUODAOZHIKEYANTOURUYUCHANCHUYANZHONGSHIHENG。TONGSHI,BANSUIZHEYOUJIHUADEKEYANYANBIANCHENGZHISHIRENWUHE“XITI”,ERBUSHITANSUOHECHUANGXIN,DALIANGJINGFEILANGFEIZAIDISHUIPINGZHONGFUDEKEYANXIANGMU。JISHUCHUANGXINSHICHANGXUQIUDEBENZHISHANGSHIYIGEKEJI、JINGJIYITIHUAGUOCHENG,BUJINJINGUANZHUJISHUCHUANGXINZHONGDESHICHANGDAOXIANG,YEGUANZHUJISHUKAIFABENSHEN。TABAOKUOXINSHEXIANGDECHANSHENG、YANJIU、KAIFA、SHANGYEHUASHENGCHANDAOKUOSANZHEIYANGYIXILIEHUODONG。ZHONGGUOJISHUCHUANGXINYOUJUDAQIANLIHESHICHANG,RANER,WOGUOSANSHINIANDEFAZHAN,JURANHAIMEIYOUCHUANGZAOCHUSHENMESHIJIEPINPAI。JINNIANLAI,WOGUOGUOYOUQIYEYANFATOURUZHANQUANGUOR DZONGTOURUDEBILIHENGAO,QIYEJISHUCHUANGXINDEYISHIHENENGLIDOUYOUJIAODATISHENG。DANSHI,CONGZONGTISHANGKAN,WOGUODEGAOJISHUQIYEHAIHENSHAO,DUOSHUQIYEHAIMEIYOUZHENZHENGCHENGWEIJISHUCHUANGXINDEZHUTI,HAIHENNANFAHUISHICHANGDUIKEJIZIYUANPEIZHIDEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG,HENNANSHIXIANTONGGUOCHANYELIANBUSHUCHUANGXINLIAN。KEXUE、JISHU、GONGCHENGZHIJIAN,KEJIYUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANZHIJIANDEXIANGHUXIANJIE、XIANGHUCUJIN,QINEIZAIDETONGYIYUXIEDIAOFAZHANYIJINGCHENGWEIDANGJIN“DAKEXUE”DEYIGEJIBENTEZHENG。

在高度市场化的西方国家,市场力量始终是科技成果产生和转化为现实生产力的原发驱动力。如何改变我国科研工作的现状,促进这种原发驱动力的作用在科学研究结构体系中的生成和发展?我们应当紧紧围绕市场发挥决定性作用和更好发挥政府作用这两件事认真思考问题。我们的文化传统,一直有着大一统管理的内在冲动,资源的统一管理和控制是大政府、小社会的基本特征,表面上能够保证资源的有效和安全,实际上违背了市场经济的最基本秩序和规律。在科技领域,科技资源配置基本上是由政府所直接掌控的,政府可以说是无所不在,管的太宽,管得太多,政府的行为拿钱在某一个单独的项目上去砸钱,那有可能取得一些突破,但多数情况下是路径依赖并无创新的动力,对整个社会不会带来更大的进步意义,以及它的投入产出也是不成比例的。这种人为地形成体制内和体制外的科技二元结构以及体制内少数代表政府的人对科技资源的垄断,极大地抑制和伤害了全社会的创新氛围和思想市场,伤害了科技人员的独立意志和品格,助长了“官学勾结”和学术腐败,以及从根本扭曲了作为国家科技创新力量和政府智囊的功能,加速和导引了社会溃败。

SHICHANGJINGJIDEYUANDONGLIZAIYUJINGZHENG,ERJINGZHENGDEYOUXIAOXINGYICUNYUPINGDENGYUGONGPING。PINGDENGSHIDUIGONGMINQUANLIERYAN,GONGPINGSHIDUIZHENGFUFUWUERYAN。GONGMINDEQUANLIHEYIWUYAOYIZHI、QUANLIHEZERENYAODUIYING,ZHEIJIUXUYAOBAOKUOGUIZEPINGDENG、JIHUIPINGDENG、QIDIANPINGDENGZAINEIDEQUANLIPINGDENG,FOUZE,BUKENENGJIANLIQIXIANDAIDESHICHANGJINGJI。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGSHUO,KEJITIZHIYEYINGGAITIXIANGONGPINGDEMEIDE。YISHICHANGWEIDAOXIANGPEIZHIKEJIZIYUANDETIZHITIGONGGONGPINGJIZHI,(1)CONGZHENGFUDECENGMIANLAISHUO,ZHONGGUOZUOWEIYIGERENGRANYANZHONGYIKAOZHENGFUDAIDONGDEJINGJITI,YAOBAITUOZHEIZHONGQUANLIPEIZHIWEIZHUDEJINGJITIZHI,SHIGUOJIAKEJILILIANGMIANXIANGGUOJIAJINGJISHEHUIZHONGDASHICHANGXUQIU,YUKEJIQIANYANYOUJIJIEHE,KAIZHANYINGYONGXINGJICHUYANJIUHESHICHANGJINGZHENGZHONGGUANJIANGONGXINGJISHUYANJIU,YAOTONGGUOPEIYUGONGPINGJINGZHENGDEKEJISHICHANGHUANJINGQUSHIXIANGUOJIAKEJILILIANGZAIQUANSHEHUIKEJICHUANGXINDEZHUTIDIWEIHEZUOYONG,BAOKUOZHENGFUKEJIZIYUANPEIZHILUJINGHEZHENGFUHUOQUKEJICHENGGUOLUJINGDEGAIGE;(2)CONGQIYECENGMIANLAISHUO,ZAIQIYE(JISHISHIFEIGUOYOUQIYE)SUOYOUQUANHEZHENGZHIQUANLIJINMIJIAOZHIDEZHONGGUOTIZHIZHIXIA,SHOUXIANYINGDAPOGUOYOUQIYE,TEBIESHIYANGQIZAIZHIDUCENGMIANSHANGDELONGDUANDIWEI。ZHENGFUZHICHISHIWEILETUIJINQIYEZHENZHENGCHENGWEIJISHUCHUANGXINHESHICHANGJINGZHENGDEZHUTI,YAOGAIGEGUOJIAKEJIJIHUAXIANGQIYEPEIZHIKEJIZIYUANDETUJING,POSHIQIYEANZHAOZISHENFAZHANXUYAOJIADAKEYANKAIFAHUODONGDEZIYUANXINGTOURU,HAIQIYEDEYINGYONGKAIFAXINGKEYANXIANGMUANYANJIUMUDEHESHICHANGGUILVBANSHIDEBENLAIMIANMU,CONGERTUIDONGQIYEZENGQIANGJINGZHENGNENGLI,ZHENZHENGCHENGWEISHICHANGZHUTI;(3)CONGSHEHUICENGMIANLAISHUO,DUIYUTIZHINEIERYAN,QUANLIBUMENRENWEIGENJULIXINGJIUKEYIJIHUAYUSHEJIYIQIE,ZHEIZHONGLIXINGZIFUDEZUIYANZHONGHOUGUOJIUSHIESHAJINGZHENGYIJIZIYUANDEZIYOULIUDONGJIZHI,ZAIZHEIZHONGMOSHIXIASHIMEIYOUGONGPINGKEYANDE。DUIYUTIZHIWAIERYAN,LIUJIRENHEDULICONGSHIKEYANDEJIGOUYUGERENDEKONGJIANDOUHENXIAOSHENZHIMEIYOU,ZHEIZHONGWAIBUQUANLIDEWEISUOZAOCHENGLETIZHIWAIJINGZHENGFALI。YOUYUQUESHAOYOULIDEWAIBUJINGZHENG,TIZHINEIJIANJIANXINGCHENGBUTONGZHUTIZHUDAODELONGDUANLIYIJITUAN。DAOZHIZHONGGUOKEXUECHANGYUNEIFENGXINGDEYUANZEBUSHIXUESHUYANJIUZISHENDULIDEJIAZHIPUXI,ERSHIGUOJIAJI、BUWEIJIHUOZHERENHEYIXINGZHENGJIBIEDINGWEIDEXIANGMUXINGZHENGTIXILIDEDENGJIHELIYI。CONGSHIJIEFAZHANDEGUILVKAN,YIQIERENLEIHUODONGDOUKEYISHANGPINHUA,HEFAHELIDIRENLEIHUODONGDESHANGYEHUAZONGSHISHEHUIFAZHANDEBIRANQUSHI。ZUIZAODESHANGPINSHIRENLEIDEBIXUSHENGHUOZILIAOYISHI,RANHOUSHIZHUXING,ZAIJIUSHIWANLE,ZHISHIYEJUYOULECHANQUAN,SILUYECHENGWEICHUANGYICHANPIN,KEXUEYANJIUZUOWEIRENLEIHUODONGDANGRANYEJUBEISHANGPINDEXINGZHI,KEYANHUODONGWANQUANKEYIDAPOKEJIERYUANTIZHIJIZHIZHANGAI,DAPOZHENGFUZHIDUCENGMIANSHANGDELONGDUANHEFUBAIXINGBAOHU,CHENGWEIYIZHONGCHANYE。YONGSHICHANGJIZHITAOTAIBUHEGEKEYANZHUTI,ERBULUNTIZHINEIWAI。

3、KEJIZIYUANPEIZHILUJINGDEGAIGE

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