亲朋棋牌

锯床技术

切削理论-不锈钢的切削加工技术

日期:2019-11-09 21:28:38
亲朋棋牌





1 SHENMESHIBUXIUGANG?

亲朋棋牌TONGCHANG,RENMENBAHANGELIANGDAYU12%HUOHANNIELIANGDAYU8%DEHEJINGANGJIAOBUXIUGANG。ZHEIZHONGGANGZAIDAQIZHONGHUOZAIFUSHIXINGJIEZHIZHONGJUYOUYIDINGDENAISHINENGLI,BINGZAIJIAOGAOWENDU( 450℃)XIAJUYOUJIAOGAODEQIANGDU。HANGELIANGDA16%~18%DEGANGCHENGWEINAISUANGANGHUONAISUANBUXIUGANG,XIGUANSHANGTONGCHENGWEIBUXIUGANG。

亲朋棋牌GANGZHONGHANGELIANGDA12%YISHANGSHI,ZAIYUYANGHUAXINGJIEZHIJIECHUZHONG,YOUYUDIANHUAXUEZUOYONG,BIAOMIANHENKUAIXINGCHENGYICENGFUGEDEDUNHUAMO,BAOHUJINSHUNEIBUBUSHOUFUSHI;DANZAIFEIYANGHUAXINGFUSHIJIEZHIZHONG,RENGBUYIXINGCHENGJIANGUDEDUNHUAMO。WEILETIGAOGANGDENAISHINENGLI,TONGCHANGZENGDAGEDEBILIHUOTIANJIAKEYICUJINDUNHUADEHEJINYUANSU,JIANi、Mo、Mn、Cu、Nb、Ti、W、CoDENG,ZHEIXIEYUANSUBUJINTIGAOLEGANGDEKANGFUSHINENGLI,TONGSHIGAIBIANLEGANGDENEIBUZUZHIYIJIWULILIXUEXINGNENG。ZHEIXIEHEJINYUANSUZAIGANGDEHANLIANGBUTONG,DUIBUXIUGANGDEXINGNENGCHANSHENGBUTONGDEYINGXIANG,YOUDEYOUCIXING,YOUDEWUCIXING,YOUDENENGGOUJINXINGRECHULI,YOUDEZEBUNENGRECHULI。

亲朋棋牌YOUYUBUXIUGANGSUOJUYOUDESHANGSHUTEXING,YUELAIYUEGUANGFANDIYINGYONGYUHANGKONG、HANGTIAN、HUAGONG、SHIYOU、JIANZHUHESHIPINDENGGONGYEBUMENJIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONG。SUOHANDEHEJINYUANSUDUIQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGYINGXIANGHENDA,YOUDESHENZHIHENNANQIEXUE。


2 不锈钢可分为哪几类?
不锈钢按其成分,可分为以铬为主的铬不锈钢和以铬、镍为主的铬镍不锈钢两大类。

GONGYESHANGCHANGYONGDEBUXIUGANGYIBANANJINXIANGZUZHIFENLEI,KEFENWEIYIXIAWUDALEI:

a.MASHITIBUXIUGANG:HANGELIANG12%~18%,HANTANLIANG0.1%~0.5%(YOUSHIDA1%),CHANGJIANDEYOU1Cr13、2Cr13、3Cr13、4Cr13、1Cr17Ni2、9Cr18、9Cr18MoV、30Cr13MoDENG。

b. TIESUTIBUXIUGANG:HANGELIANG12%~30%,CHANGJIANDEYOU0Cr13、0Cr17Ti、0Cr13Si4NbRE、1Cr17、1Cr17Ti、1Cr17M02Ti、1Cr25Ti、1Cr28DENG。

c. AOSHITIBUXIUGANG:HANGELIANG12%~25%,HANNIELIANG7%~20%(HUO20%YISHANG),ZUIDIANXINGDEDAIBIAOSHI1Cr18Ni9Ti,CHANGJIANDEHAIYOU00Cr18Ni10、00Cr18Ni14Mo2Cu2、0Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti、0Cr18Ni18Mo2Cu2Ti、0Cr23Ni28M03Cu3Ti、1Cr14Mn14Ni、2Cr13Mn9Ni4、1Cr18Mn8Ni5NDENG。

亲朋棋牌d. AOSHITI+TIESUTIBUXIUGANG:YUAOSHITIBUXIUGANGXIANGSI,JINZAIZUZHIZHONGHANYOUYIDINGLIANGDETIESUTI,CHANGJIANDEYOU0Cr21Ni5Ti、1Cr21Ni5Ti、1Cr18Mn10Ni5M03N、0Cr17Mn13Mo2N、1Cr17Mn9Ni3M03Cu2N、Cr2bNi17M03CuSiN、1Cr18Ni11Si4AlTiDENG。

e. CHENDIANYINGHUABUXIUGANG:HANYOUJIAOGAODEGE、NIEHEHENDIDETAN,CHANGJIANDEYOU0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb、0Cr17Ni7Al、0Cr15Ni7M02AlDENG。

亲朋棋牌QIANLIANGLEIWEIGEBUXIUGANG,HOUSANLEIWEIGENIEBUXIUGANG。


3 BUXIUGANGYOUNAXIEWULI、LIXUEXINGNENG?

a. MASHITIBUXIUGANG:NENGJINXINGCUIHUO,CUIHUOHOUJUYOUJIAOGAODEYINGDU、QIANGDUHENAIMOXINGJILIANGHAODEKANGYANGHUAXING,YOUDEYOUCIXING,DANNEIYINGLIDAQIECUI。JINGDIWENHUIHUOHOUKEXIAOCHUQIYINGLI,TIGAOSUXING,QIEXUEJIAGONGJIAOKUNNAN,YOUQIEXIECASHANGHUOZHANJIEDEMINGXIANQUXIANG,DAOJUYIMOSUN。

DANGGANGZHONGHANTANLIANGDIYU0.3%SHI,ZUZHIBUJUNYUN,ZHANFUXINGQIANG,QIEXUESHIRONGYICHANSHENGJIXIELIU,QIEDUANXIEKUNNAN,GONGJIANYIJIAGONGBIAOMIANZHILIANGDI。HANTANLIANGDA0.4%~0.5%SHI,QIEXUEJIAGONGXINGJIAOHAO。

b. MASHITIBUXIUGANGJINGDIAOZHICHULIHOU,KEHUODEYOULIANGDEZONGHELIXUEXINGNENG,QIQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGBITUIHUOZHUANGTAIYOUHENDAGAISHAN。

c. TIESUTIBUXIUGANG:JIARELENGQUESHIZUZHIWENDING,BUFASHENGXIANGBIAN,GURECHULIBUNENGSHIQIQIANGHUA,ZHINENGKAOBIANXINGQIANGHUA,XINGNENGJIAOCUI,QIEXUEJIAGONGXINGYIBANJIAOHAO。QIEXIECHENGDAIZHUANG,QIEXIERONGYICASHANGHUOZHANJIEYUQIEXUERENSHANG,CONGERZENGDAQIEXUELI,QIEXUEWENDUSHENGGAO,TONGSHIKENENGSHIGONGJIANBIAOMIANCHANSHENGSILIEXIANXIANG

亲朋棋牌d.AOSHITIBUXIUGANG:YOUYUHANYOUJIAODUODENIE(HUOMENG),JIARESHIZUZHIBUBIAN,GUCUIHUOBUNENGSHIQIQIANGHUA,KELVEGAISHANQIJIAGONGXING。TONGGUOLENGJIAGONGYINGHUAKEDAFUDUTIGAOQIANGDU,RUGUOZAIJINGSHIXIAOCHULI,KANGLAQIANGDUKEDA2550~2740 MPa。

AOSHITIBUXIUGANGQIEXUESHIDEDAIZHUANGQIEXIELIANMIANBUDUAN,DUANXIEKUNNAN,JIYICHANSHENGJIAGONGYINGHUA,YINGHUACENGJIXIAYICIQIEXUEDAILAIHENDANANDU,SHIDAOJUJIJUMOSUN,DAOJUNAIYONGDUDAFUDUXIAJIANG。

AOSHITIBUXIUGANGJUYOUYOULIANGDELIXUEXINGNENG,LIANGHAODENAISHINENGLI,JIAOTUCHUDESHILENGBIANXINGNENGLI,WUCIXING。

e.AOSHITI+TIESUTIBUXIUGANG:YOUYINGDUJIGAODEJINSHUJIANHUAHEWUXICHU,QIANGDUBIAOSHITIBUXIUGANGGAO,QIQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGGENGCHA。

f. CHENDIANYINGHUABUXIUGANG:HANYOUNENGQICHENDIANYINGHUADETUO、LV、MU、TAIDENGHEJINYUANSU,TAMENZAIHUIHUOSHISHIXIAOXICHU,CHANSHENGCHENDIANYINGHUA,SHIGANGJUYOUHENGAODEQIANGDUHEYINGDU。YOUYUHANTANLIANGDIBAOZHENGLEZUGOUDEHANGELIANG,YINCIJUYOULIANGHAODENAIFUSHIXINGNENG。


4 BUXIUGANGYOUNAXIEQIEXUETEDIAN?

亲朋棋牌BUXIUGANGDEQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGBIZHONGTANGANGCHADEDUO。YIPUTONG45HAOGANGDEQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGZUOWEI100%,AOSHITIBUXIUGANG1Cr18Ni9TiDEXIANGDUIQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGWEI40%;TIESUTIBUXIUGANG1Cr28WEI48%;MASHITIBUXIUGANG2Cr13WEI55%。QIZHONG,YIAOSHITIHEAOSHITI+TIESUTIBUXIUGANGDEQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGZUICHA。BUXIUGANGZAIQIEXUEGUOCHENGZHONGYOURUXIAJIFANGMIANTEDIAN:

a.JIAGONGYINGHUAYANZHONG:ZAIBUXIUGANGZHONG,YIAOSHITI+TIESUTIBUXIUGANGDEJIAGONGYINGHUAXIANXIANGZUIWEITUCHU。RUAOSHITIJIAGONGYINGHUAHOUDEQIANGDUσbDADAO1470MPa~1960MPa, ERQIESUIZHEσbDESHENGGAO,QUFUQIANGDUssYESUIZHESHENGGAO;TUIHUOZHUANGTAIDEAOSHITIBUXIUGANGss BUCHAOGUOσb30%~45%,ERJIAGONGYINGHUAHOUDA85%~95%。JIAGONGYINGHUACENGDESHENDUKEDAQIEXUESHENDUDE1/3HUOGENGDA;YINGHUACENGDEYINGDUBIYUANLAIDETIGAO1.4~2.2BEI。YINWEIBUXIUGANGDESUXINGDA,SUXINGBIANXINGSHIJINGGEWAINIU,QIANGHUAXISHUHENDA;QIEAOSHITIBUGOUWENDING,ZAIQIEXUEYINGLIDEZUOYONGXIA,BUFENAOSHITIHUIZHUANBIANWEIMASHITI;ZAIJIASHANGHUAHEWUZAZHIZAIQIEXUEREDEZUOYONGXIA,YIYUFENJIECHENGMISANFENBU,SHIQIEXUEJIAGONGSHICHANSHENGYINGHUACENG。QIANYICIJINJIHUOQIANYIDAOGONGXUSUOCHANSHENGDEJIAGONGYINGHUAXIANXIANGYANZHONGYINGXIANGHOUXUGONGXUDESHUNLIJINXING。

b. QIEXUELIDA:BUXIUGANGZAIQIEXUEGUOCHENGZHONGSUXINGBIANXINGDA,YOUQISHIAOSHITIBUXIUGANG(QISHENZHANGLVCHAOGUO45HAOGANGDE1.5BEIYISHANG),SHIQIEXUELIZENGJIA。TONGSHI,BUXIUGANGDEJIAGONGYINGHUAYANZHONG,REQIANGDUGAO,JINYIBUZENGDALEQIEXUEKANGLI,QIEXIEDEJUANQUZHEDUANYEBIJIAOKUNNAN。YINCIJIAGONGBUXIUGANGDEQIEXUELIDA,RUCHEXUE1Cr18Ni9TiDEDANWEIQIEXUELIWEI2450MPa,BI45HAOGANGGAO25%。

c. QIEXUEWENDUGAO:QIEXUESHISUXINGBIANXINGJIYUDAOJUJIANDEMOCADOUDA,CHANSHENGDEQIEXUEREDUO;JIASHANGBUXIUGANGDEDAOREXISHUYUEWEI45HAOGANGDE½~¼,DALIANGQIEXUEREDOUJIZHONGZAIQIEXUEQUHEDAO—XIEJIECHUDEJIEMIANSHANG,SANRETIAOJIANCHA。ZAIXIANGTONGDETIAOJIANXIA,1Cr18Ni9TiDEQIEXUEWENDUBI45HAOGANGGAO200℃ZUOYOU

d. QIEXIEBUYIZHEDUAN、YIZHANJIE:BUXIUGANGDESUXING、RENXINGDOUHENDA,CHEJIAGONGSHIQIEXIELIANMIANBUDUAN,BUJINYINGXIANGCAOZUODESHUNLIJINXING,QIEXIEHAIHUIJISHANGYIJIAGONGBIAOMIAN。ZAIGAOWEN、GAOYAXIA,BUXIUGANGYUQITAJINSHUDEQINHEXINGQIANG,YICHANSHENGZHANFUXIANXIANG,BINGXINGCHENGJIXIELIU,JIJIAJUDAOJUMOSUN,YOUHUICHUXIANSICHEXIANXIANGERSHIYIJIAGONGBIAOMIANEHUA。HANTANLIANGJIAODIDEMASHITIBUXIUGANGDEZHEIYITEDIANGENGWEIMINGXIAN。

e.DAOJUYIMOSUN:QIEXUEBUXIUGANGGUOCHENGZHONGDEQINHEZUOYONG,SHIDAO—XIEJIANCHANSHENGZHANJIE、KUOSAN,CONGERSHIDAOJUCHANSHENGZHANJIEMOSUN、KUOSANMOSUN,ZHISHIDAOJUQIANDAOMIANCHANSHENGYUEYAWA,QIEXUERENHAIHUIXINGCHENGWEIXIAODEBOLUOHEQUEKOU;JIASHANGBUXIUGANGZHONGDETANHUAWU(RUTiC)WEILIYINGDUHENGAO,QIEXUESHIZHIJIEYUDAOJUJIECHU、MOCA,CASHANGDAOJU,HAIYOUJIAGONGYINGHUAXIANXIANG,JUNHUISHIDAOJUMOSUNJIAJU.

f.XIANPENGZHANGXISHUDA:BUXIUGANGDEXIANPENGZHANGXISHUYUEWEITANSUGANGDE1.5BEI,ZAIQIEXUEWENDUZUOYONGXIA,GONGJIANRONGYICHANSHENGREBIANXING,CHICUNJINGDUJIAONANKONGZHI。


5 JUQIEBUXIUGANGSHIZENYANGXUANZEJUTIAO?

亲朋棋牌TIESUTIBUXIUGANGYIBANZHIJIEXUANYONGJUTIAOBEIBUGANGXINGJIAOHAODAIBIJIAODAQIANJIAODESHUANGJINSHUDAIJUTIAO。

MASHITIBUXIUGANGRUGUOZAIPUTONGJUCHUANGSHANG,KEYIXUANYONGJUTIAOBEIBUGANGXINGJIAOHAODAIBIJIAODAQIANJIAODESHUANGJINSHUDAIJUTIAO,GAODICHISHUANGJINSHUDAIJUTIAOYOUWEISHIYONG。

AOSHITIBUXIUGANG:SHUANGJINSHUDAIJUTIAOHEYINGZHIHEJINJUNYOUCAIYONG,SHUANGJINSHUDAIJUTIAOYIXUANYONGDAQIANJIAODEGAODICHIDAIJUTIAO,YINGZHIHEJINDAIJUTIAOXUANYONGFENCHIXINGYINGZHIHEJINDAIJUTIAO

SHUANGXIANGBUXIUGANGHECHENDIANYINGHUABUXIUGANGYOUYUQIYINGDU,QIANGDUJUNGAOYUPUTONGBUXIUGANG,PUTONGJUCHUANGSHANGYIBANCAIYONGJUCHUANGSHIYINGXINGJIAOHAODEFENCHIXINGYINGZHIHEJINDAIJUTIAOJINXINGJUQIE。


6. BUXIUGANGJUQIEDEJUQIECANSHU

亲朋棋牌YIXIACANSHUJINJINZHENDUIYUGUONEIGAODUANDEJUCHUANG,RUJUCHUANGGANGXINGRUO,QINGJIANGXIAOLVXIADIAO50%ZUOYOU。

BUXIUGANGLEIBIE

QIEXUEKUANDU

QIEXUEXIAOLV

QIEXUE

SUDU

TIESUTIBUXIUGANG,MASHITIBUXIUGANG

10

6

5

25

12

10

50

16

15

75

14

15

100

19

20

150

23

25

200

23

25

300

23

25

400

21

20

500

20

20

600

18

20

700

17

15

800

16

15

900

15

15

1000

15

15

AOSHITIBUXIUGANG

10

5

5

25

10

10

50

14

15

75

13

15

100

15

15

150

19

20

200

20

20

300

21

20

400

20

20

500

18

20

600

17

15

700

15

15

800

14

15

900

14

15

1000

14

15

亲朋棋牌SHUANGXIANGBUXIUGANG,CHENDIANYINGHUABUXIUGANG

10

5

5

25

8

10

50

12

10

75

14

15

100

14

15

150

14

15

200

13

15

300

12

10

400

12

10

500

12

10

600

11

10

700

9

10

800

9

10

900

9

10

1000

8

10


7. 齿形选择参考


BUXIUGANGLEIBIE

QIEXUEKUANDU

CHIXINGXUANZE

TIESUTIBUXIUGANG,MASHITIBUXIUGANG

10

8/12tpi

25

6/10tpi

50

5/8tpi

75

4/6tpi

100

3/4tpi

150

3/4tpi

200

2/3tpi

300

1.4/2tpi

400

1.4/2tpi

500

1.0/1.5tpi

600

亲朋棋牌0.75/1.25tpi

700

0.75/1.25tpi

800

0.75/1.25tpi

900

0.75/1.25tpi

1000

0.75/1.25tpi

RUGUOCAIYONGYINGZHIHEJINDAIJUTIAO,KEYIJIANGCHIXINGFANGDAYIJI。




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